Established in 1929, Grand
Teton National Park emerged from a complicated
and controversial series of events. The
park first consisted of the mountain
range and several glacial lakes. Later
the valley floor was protected as Jackson
Hole National Monument. The two areas
were combined in 1950.
Today the park encompasses nearly 310,000 acres and protects
the Teton Range, Jackson Hole (mountain valley), a 50-mile
portion of the Snake River, seven morainal lakes, over 100
backcountry and alpine lakes, and a wide range of wildlife
and plant species.
The park is also rich in a cultural history that includes
seven eras of human history: early peoples (paleo-indians),
Native Americans (modern tribes), fur trappers, homesteaders,
ranchers/farmers, conservationists, and recreationalists.
Climbing, hiking and backpacking, camping, fishing, wildlife
and bird watching, horseback riding, boating on Jackson and
Jenny Lakes, rafting on the Snake River, bicycling, and photography
are all common activities in the area.
About 4 million visitors enjoy the park each year, most visit
between Memorial Day Weekend and Labor Day.